Ethylene oxide is also used as a sterilizing agent for medical equipment and a fumigating agent for spices. Am. It is effective against most micro-organisms, including viruses. Sci., 1978, 47, 668-669. Basis for listing ethylene oxide as known to the State to cause developmental toxicity, male reproductive toxicity, and female reproductive toxicity changed from Labor Code to 'Formally Required to Be Labeled or Identified' effective November 22, 2013. In smaller amounts, ethylene oxide is used as a pesticide and a sterilizing agent. Eng. Ethylene oxide is a bactericidal, fungicidal, and sporicidal disinfectant. Hazard Summary . Ethylene oxide sterilization: effect of polymer structure and sterilization conditions on residue levels D. K. Gilding, A. M. Reed ICI'/University of Liverpool Joint Laboratory, Bioengineering Unit, PO Box 147, Liverpool L69 3BX, UK. Ramasamy R., Centrifugal distortion constants and thermodynamic functions of ethylene oxide, ethylene oxide-d4, and ethylene sulfide, Curr. EtO brings serious risks of chemical burns to body tissues if a device, such as a plastic or rubber face mask, sterilized in EtO is not aerated (aeration cycle) after the sterilization cycle to allow the EtO absorbed during the cycle to elute from the mask, is … The major use of ethylene oxide is as a chemical intermediate in the manufacture of ethylene glycol. Because of its special molecular structure, ethylene oxide easily participates in addition reactions; e.g., opening its ring and thus easily polymerizing. Chem., 1950, 42, p. 1251]. It is used as a fumigant for foodstuffs and textiles and as an agent for the gaseous sterilization of heat-labile pharmaceutical and surgical materials. Ethylene oxide is a colorless flammable gas at room temperature, with a faintly sweet odor; it is the simplest epoxide: a three-membered ring consisting of one oxygen atom and two carbon atoms. The acute (short-term) effects of ethylene oxide in humans consist mainly of central nervous Metal fittings containing magnesium, copper or silver should be avoided, since traces of acetylene in ethylene oxide may produce metal acetylides capable of detonating the vapor [MCA SD-38, 1971]. Part 2. Chem. Soc., 1949, 71, 2176. Ethylene Oxide . [ all data ] Walters and Smith, 1952 Public Notices Related to this Chemical. It is used primarily to produce other chemicals, including antifreeze. Ethylene Oxide. At room temperature, ethylene oxide is a flammable colorless gas with a sweet odor. 75-21-8 . , The entropy of ethylene oxide heat capacity from 14 to 285c vapor pressure heats of fusion and vaporization, J. 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